CPN is a multi-disciplinary community of over 100 basic and clinical neuroscientists, as well as faculty members working on: Neurodevelopment and Psychiatry, Behavior, Memory and Emotions, Neurovascular system, Multiscale imaging (from molecules to whole brain), Translational Neurosciences and molecular and cellular machanisms in Aging Brain.
Our mission is to:
-Understand how the brain works at all levels, from molecular mechanisms to cells, neuronal networks and whole organ through innovative and interdisciplinary research.
-Promote the transfer of research and discovery into medical advances for neurological and psychiatric diseases, such as new therapeutics, devices or diagnostics development.
-Train the next generation of physicians and scientists to conduct collaborative and creative science.
The Centre for Psychiatry and Neuroscience (CPN) of Paris-Descartes University and INSERM is settled in a new building constructed adjacent to the Sainte-Anne hospital in the fall 2017. The 4300 m2 new building houses multidisciplinary teams of experts in biology, clinical research, physics, chemistry, engineering and computational science. The CPN goal is to foster collaborations between basic, translational and clinical research.
The new CPN hosts junior and senior researchers it will host spin-off firms (all recruited through international calls) to support promotion of research and technology transfer. The new CPN also provides core facilities and services to ensure that the teams have access to the most advanced technologies allowing the development of modern psychiatric and neuroscience research projects.
The decision to create a research center within Saint Anne hospital results from the strategic goal of integrating basic and clinical research in psychiatry and neuroscience.
The Center bridges the gap between basic and clinical research in a setting which has historical roots in understanding psychiatric and neurological problems via researching the central nervous system.
View of building under renovation (photo credit : eugenio prieto gabriel)
and the last CPN events
After being evaluated by the Agency for the Evaluation of Research and Higher Education (a.k.a. “AERES”), the Center obtained the label UMR_S* for 4 years.
*The Mixed Unit of Research (UMR) is a laboratory having obtained a mixed label after it was evaluated by both the Ministry of Health and the Search (MESR) and a great research institute (CNRS, INSERM, INRA…). A UMR labeled by MESR and CNRS will be called UMR_C or UMR, by MESR and INSERM it will be UMR_S and if it is by MESR and INRA it iwill be UMR_A. UMR are also often called “associated laboratories”.
Research units from the Paul Broca Center, three teams from INSERM U288 (located at Salpétrière Hospital) and to 2 clinical teams from Saint-Anne Hospital combine to form the Center of Psychiatry and Neurosciences (CPN).
The CPN is under the supervision of INSERM and is affiliated with University Paris Descartes.
In 1952, psychiatry made spectacular headway at Saint-Anne with the application of the first neuroleptics whose action will later revolutionize therapeutics worldwide.
At the same time, neurosurgical practices develop with new research and intervention methods, which has led to the stereotaxic neurosurgery practiced today. Neurosurgery of the pain also became very important for the hospital.
In 1947, the section of bio-psychopathology of the child is created It intends to give to the unsuitable childhood and the families a clinical and therapeutic original set in its double emotional and cognitive aspect.
In 1941, one of the first French laboratories of electroencephalography was established at Ste-Anne hospital.
In 1922, Edouard Toulouse created the “mental prophylaxis center” which was the first department in which patients were able to go free without being interned by the law of June 30, 1838.
In 1863, Napoleon III commissioned the creation of a psychiatric hospital in Paris at the location of Saint-Anne farm. This hospital is named a “clinical asylum” because it was intended to become a place of treatment, research and teaching related to mental illnesses. Haussmann, the prefect in Paris, oversaw the project. The asylum was inaugurated on January 1, 1867 and the first patient was accepted on May 1 of the same year.
Over the years Saint-Anne has provided for the protection of the mentally ill with the limited therapeutic means that were available in this period. Important and in-depth medical research is developed.